Although elevated body temperature is the most common issue among children, hypothermia in newborns is a concern for parents and guardians. It is considered a serious matter that requires immediate attention, as it indicates an underlying health problem that needs assessment and treatment.

In this article, we will discuss the reasons for hypothermia in newborns, its symptoms, and treatment methods by exploring preventive measures and appropriate responses to provide parents with the necessary knowledge to protect their children from the potential consequences of low body temperature.

Join us as we uncover the fundamentals of this important topic and learn how to ensure the health and warmth of our little loved ones.

What are the Reasons for Hypothermia in Newborns?

  1. Cold Environment: A child might experience hypothermia if the surrounding environment is excessively cold and they are not adequately dressed in warm clothing, or due to direct exposure to cold winds or water, which increases body heat loss.
  2. Infections: Viral or bacterial infections can lead to hypothermia in newborns. Conditions like upper respiratory tract infections or middle ear infections may cause the body to conserve energy and reduce warmth.
  3. Hormonal Disorders: Certain hormonal disorders, such as hypothyroidism, can affect a child's body temperature regulation, resulting in a decrease.
  4. Medication Response: Certain medications, like anti-inflammatory drugs, neurological medications, or specific types of antibiotics, can influence body temperature and cause it to drop.
  5. Malnutrition: Insufficient intake of food and fluids can weaken a child's immune system and make them susceptible to digestive disorders like rheumatism, ultimately lowering their body temperature.

What are Hypothermia in Newborn Symptoms?

  1. Shivering and Chills: Children experiencing low body temperatures may feel chills and unusual body tremors as their bodies attempt to generate heat.
  2. Fatigue and Weakness: One of signs of hypothermia in newborns is feeling tired and generally weak, possibly being less active than usual and struggling to stay awake or engage in activities.
  3. Cool Skin: The child's skin may feel cold to the touch, especially in the extremities like hands and feet. The skin might appear pale or bluish due to reduced blood flow to the skin's surface.
  4. Speech Difficulty: Speech may become unclear or slurred due to the impact of low body temperature on neurological functions, and motor skills and muscle function might also be affected.
  5. Breathing Difficulty: In severe cases, there could be difficulty breathing due to reduced metabolic activity and a lowered heart rate, as the body attempts to conserve energy.

How to Treat Hypothermia in Newborns?

1. Cover the Child

Dress the child in warm clothing and blankets to retain body heat. Move the child to a warmer place and shield them from cold drafts and winds. Pay special attention to covering the head and extremities, as these areas lose heat more rapidly.

2. Hot and Balanced Meals

Provide the child with hot, balanced meals that include energy-rich food sources like whole grains, proteins, and healthy fats to increase body temperature.

3. Hot Beverages

Offer the child warm beverages such as warm milk or soothing herbal tea. Ensure that the temperature is suitable for the child, and avoid serving beverages that are too hot and might cause burns.

4. Active Movements

Help the child engage in gentle physical activity or light exercises, like moving their arms and legs, to stimulate blood circulation and generate body heat.

5. Using a Warm Pad

Utilize a warm pad or blanket to warm the child, ensuring it's not too hot and won't cause burns. Focus on warming the core of the body by covering the chest and abdomen.

In conclusion, parents should be aware of hypothermia in newborns symptoms and the necessary steps to take if it occurs. Pay close attention to the child, dress them in warm clothing, provide a warm and comfortable environment, and seek medical attention if the symptoms persist or worsen. Consult a doctor to assess the situation and provide appropriate treatment to safeguard the child from risk.

To obtain IHealth Digital Thermometer or Fridababy Quick Read Digital Rectal Thermometer from Baby Care Tools, you can visit Qatar Moms, which provides you with a wide range of high-quality thermometers. For more information about maternal and infant health, we recommend visiting the Qatar Moms blog.