Many mothers suffer from diaper rash as it is the most common condition among infants. This condition is generally caused by moisture in the diaper area, which creates a moist environment that promotes bacterial growth. Treatments exist, however prevention is key.

Over half of babies between the ages of 4 and 15 months get diaper rash at least once every two months.

What causes diaper rash (diaper dermatitis)?

Any of the following can lead to diaper rash:

  • Too much moisture

  • Rubbing or chafing

  • Urine or stool that touches the skin for long time

  • Yeast infection

This condition is caused by the overgrowth of fungi which are naturally present in the digestive system, and manifests in the form of shiny, bright red, or pink spots with sharp edges, as well as small pink bumps or blisters, and in severe cases, there may be ulcers or cracks in the skin.

  • Bacterial infection

In rare cases, diaper rash is caused by bacteria (such as staphylococcus), and appears as redness around the anus or blisters with yellow crusts.

  • Reaction to diaper material ( Skin irritation )

It appears as pink or red spots in the diaper area, and does not appear on the folds of the thigh, since it is usually far from contact with urine or feces. It can also be caused by diaper contact with urine and feces, and can increase after diarrhea or teething.

  • Reaction to food  (Allergies)

     Some babies with sensitive skin may have an allergic reaction to a specific ingredient in diapers, wipes, or creams; the rash appears in the areas where the skin has been exposed to the product.

  • Other types

    There are other types of diaper dermatitis that are rare (such as seborrheic dermatitis and psoriasis).

If skin stays wet for too long, it will begin to break down. When wet skin is rubbed, it can also be damaged more easily. A soiled diaper can cause the skin on your baby to chafe and make it more susceptible to infections and this may lead to diaper rash.

Diaper rash is more likely to occur when:

  • The babies are not kept clean and dry

  • Babies have frequent stools, especially when stools remain in their diapers overnight

  • The baby has diarrhea

  • The baby begin to eat solid foods

  • The baby taking antibiotics or even if the mothers of nursing babies are taking antibiotics

What are symptoms of diaper rash?

Diaper rash is characterized by the following:

  • Marks appear on the skin

Diaper rash is characterized by thin, red skin on the buttocks, thighs, and genitals in the diaper area.

  • Changes in the child's moods

The baby may be more upset than usual, especially during diaper changes. If the diaper area is washed or touched, a child with diaper rash often cries and agitates.

What  is the treatment ?

You have to know that any inflammation is treated differently depending on its type.

  1. Change diaper frequently, and don't leave it soiled for a long time.

  2. Whenever possible, let the baby go without a diaper.

  3. When changing diapers, the diaper area should be gently washed with warm water, avoiding soap (it can irritate the skin).

  4. Use an ointment containing zinc oxide whenever you change the diaper.

  5. Choose highly absorbent diapers to help keep the skin moist.

  6. If dermatitis is caused by a fungal or bacterial infection,  youor doctor will prescribe certain types of antibiotics.

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